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What was the Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp in Berlin?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.

When exploring the darkest periods of human history, we are often confronted with the atrocities of World War II and the Holocaust. One significant site that serves as a reminder of this horrific chapter is the Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, located in Berlin, Germany.

History of Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp

The Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp was established by the Nazis in 1936 and operated until 1945. Initially, it served as a model for other concentration camps, set up to train SS officers and experiment with various methods of control and oppression.

Over time, Sachsenhausen became a place of imprisonment, torture, and brutality. It held political dissidents, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, as well as Jewish, Sinti, and Roma people. Around 200,000 people passed through the camp, with tens of thousands losing their lives.

Life at Sachsenhausen

Conditions at Sachsenhausen were deplorable. Prisoners were subjected to forced labor, malnutrition, inadequate clothing, and rampant disease. The camp’s layout was designed to exert complete control over the inmates. The “Tower A” at the entrance functioned as the main administrative building, overseeing the camp’s operations.

Within the camp, there were various sections and sub-camps, including a training camp for SS guards, a medical experiment facility, and a punishment compound known as the “prison within a prison.” The prisoners were subjected to harsh punishments, including beatings, solitary confinement, and even public executions.

Memorials and Remembrance

Today, Sachsenhausen is a memorial and a museum, ensuring that the memory of the victims is preserved. Visitors can take guided tours that provide an in-depth understanding of the camp’s history. The museum exhibits personal artifacts, photographs, and stories from survivors, offering a glimpse into the horrors that occurred within its walls.

Important Reminders When Visiting Sachsenhausen:

  • Respect the solemnity of the site: Remember that Sachsenhausen is a place of remembrance, and visitors should act accordingly. Be respectful and refrain from any inappropriate actions or behaviors.
  • Take a guided tour: To fully comprehend the significance of the camp, it is recommended to join a guided tour. Knowledgeable guides will provide valuable insights and context.
  • Allow time for reflection: Visiting a concentration camp can be emotionally overwhelming. Allocate time after your visit to process your thoughts and feelings.
  • Support the museum: Donations to the museum help preserve the site and continue educational efforts to prevent such horrors from happening again.


Understanding the atrocities committed during the Holocaust is essential for preventing history from repeating itself. By visiting Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, we can pay tribute to the victims, honor their memory, and educate ourselves about the consequences of hatred and intolerance.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


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What was the Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp in Berlin?

Mar 7, 2024