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What was the purpose of Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.

Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, located near Berlin, Germany, was established by the Nazis in 1936. It served as a prototype and training center for other Nazi concentration camps later. This blog post aims to provide an overview of the camp, its purpose, and its significance during the Holocaust.

The History of Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp

Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp was initially built to hold political prisoners, such as communists, social democrats, and other individuals deemed as enemies by the Nazi regime. Over time, however, the camp’s population expanded to include Jews, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, intellectuals, and others.

The camp was operational until the end of World War II in 1945. It is estimated that tens of thousands of people were imprisoned in Sachsenhausen during its existence, and thousands lost their lives due to inhumane conditions, forced labor, medical experiments, and systematic extermination.

Conditions at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp

Life at Sachsenhausen was extremely brutal and dehumanizing. Prisoners were subjected to harsh physical and psychological abuse, and their basic human rights were stripped away. They endured overcrowded living quarters, malnutrition, forced labor, and constant fear for their lives.

The camp was organized in a hierarchical structure, with the SS guards having absolute control over the prisoners. They enforced rigid discipline, and any act of resistance was met with severe punishments, including beatings, torture, and execution.

Work and Experiments

Prisoners in Sachsenhausen were forced to work in factories, construction sites, and other locations. This labor was often brutal and demanding, with many prisoners suffering from exhaustion and work-related injuries. Some were subjected to medical experiments and used as test subjects for Nazi doctors.

Persecution and Death

The camp’s prisoners faced relentless persecution and were subject to systematic extermination methods. Many were executed through various means, including shootings, hangings, or gas chambers. Others died due to malnutrition, diseases, or the harsh living conditions.

Memorial and Educational Site

After the liberation of Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp by the Soviet army in 1945, it was turned into a memorial site and museum. Today, it is a place of remembrance and education, serving as an important reminder of the atrocities committed during the Nazi era.

Visiting Sachsenhausen provides an opportunity to understand the horrors of the Holocaust and the importance of upholding human rights. The memorial site includes exhibitions, reconstructed buildings, and artifacts, giving visitors a tangible connection to the past and an opportunity for reflection.

Remembering the Victims

One of the most significant aspects of Sachsenhausen is honoring and remembering the victims. Walking through the grounds and seeing the remnants of the camp serves as a solemn tribute to those who suffered and lost their lives.

The Sachsenhausen Memorial also conducts educational programs and guided tours, promoting tolerance, understanding, and the values of human rights to prevent such atrocities from happening again in the future.


Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp is a reminder of the darkest period in human history. It stands as a symbol of the unimaginable suffering endured by countless innocent individuals during the Holocaust.

Visiting Sachsenhausen provides an opportunity for personal reflection, education, and understanding. It helps us to honor the memory of the victims, learn from past atrocities, and actively work towards a more inclusive and just world.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


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What was the purpose of Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp?

Mar 7, 2024