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What is Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp and Its Historical Significance?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.

Located just outside Berlin, Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp was one of the earliest and largest Nazi concentration camps established during World War II. Built in 1936, it became a prototype for other camps, holding a significant place in history. Let’s explore the history, purpose, and impact of Sachsenhausen.

The History of Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp

Sachsenhausen was constructed by the Nazis to incarcerate political prisoners, primarily opponents of the regime, intellectuals, Jews, communists, and other minority groups deemed a threat. The camp’s location near Berlin allowed easy access for the SS and served as a symbol of terror.

Initially, the camp’s purpose was to hold political prisoners within Germany, but as the war progressed, its role expanded to include the extermination of Jewish people, forced labor, medical experiments, and the testing of new killing methods.

Key Features of Sachsenhausen

The camp was designed to resemble a small fortress and evolved over time with various sections, each fulfilling a specific function:

  • The Appellplatz: A large square where roll calls, inspections, punishments, and public executions took place.
  • Living Barracks: Over 200 brick barracks where prisoners lived under inhumane conditions.
  • Death Barracks: Where many prisoners were held before execution.
  • Station Z: An area designated for execution, featuring a crematorium, gas chamber, and firing squad execution trench.
  • Infirmary: A poorly-equipped medical facility used for experimentation and pseudo-medical treatments.
  • Tower A: The main entrance gate with a watchtower where guards had a clear view of the entire camp.

Visiting Sachsenhausen Today

Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp is open to the public as a memorial and museum, providing insight into the atrocities committed and honoring the victims. When visiting, it’s essential to approach the site with respect and a desire to learn. Here are a few tips to maximize your experience:

Plan Your Visit

Before going, familiarize yourself with the opening hours, admission fees, and any specific guidelines provided by the memorial site. Sachsenhausen can be emotionally challenging, so consider planning a shorter visit or taking breaks if needed.

Guided Tours and Audio Guides

Consider joining a guided tour or using an audio guide, especially if you’re visiting for the first time. These resources offer invaluable information about the camp’s history, its prisoners, and the SS operations conducted within the facility.

Points of Interest

While exploring, several areas and exhibitions stand out:

  • The permanent exhibition in the visitor center provides comprehensive insights into daily camp life, prisoner categories, and SS activities.
  • The reconstructed barracks exhibit the cramped living conditions prisoners endured.
  • Station Z offers a somber and haunting experience, showcasing the execution methods used by the Nazis.
  • The International Monument commemorates the victims and serves as a reminder of the horrors of the Holocaust.

Reflect and Pay Your Respects

As you walk through the camp, take time to reflect on the suffering endured by the prisoners. Show respect by following the memorial site’s guidelines, refraining from loud conversations or inappropriate behavior.

Why Visiting Sachsenhausen Matters

Understanding the atrocities of the past is crucial in preventing history from repeating itself. By visiting Sachsenhausen, you’re actively engaging in memorialization, educating yourself about the Holocaust, and honoring the memory of those who suffered and lost their lives during one of humanity’s darkest periods.

It’s an opportunity to deepen your understanding of the consequences of hate, discrimination, and unchecked political power. By acknowledging the past, we can strive for a more tolerant and inclusive future.


Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp provides an important window into the human capacity for cruelty and persecution, forcing us to confront the darkest aspects of history head-on. By visiting and learning about Sachsenhausen, we contribute to the collective efforts of remembrance, education, and a commitment to ensuring that the atrocities committed during the Holocaust are never forgotten.

Remember, understanding history helps shape a better future.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


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What is Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp and Its Historical Significance?

Mar 7, 2024