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What were the concentration camps outside of Berlin?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.

During World War II, the Nazi regime established several concentration camps outside of Berlin. These camps were part of the larger network of camps established by the Nazis to detain, persecute, and systematically annihilate millions of people, primarily Jews, along with other marginalized groups. In this article, we will explore some of the major concentration camps located outside of Berlin and understand their historical significance.


Auschwitz-Birkenau, located in Oswiecim, Poland, was the largest and most notorious Nazi concentration and extermination camp. It consisted of three main camps: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II (Birkenau), and Auschwitz III (Monowitz). Over a million people, the majority of them Jews, were murdered at Auschwitz. This camp serves as a painful reminder of the Holocaust and the atrocities committed during that time.

Survivor Testimony

Primo Levi, an Italian Jewish survivor of Auschwitz, wrote in his memoir: “Monsters exist but they are too few in numbers to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are the common men, the functionaries ready to believe and to act without asking questions.”


Dachau, located near Munich, Germany, was the first Nazi concentration camp established in 1933. Initially intended to hold political prisoners, it expanded later to include Jews, Roma, intellectuals, and other perceived enemies of the Nazi regime. Around 41,500 individuals died in Dachau, and the camp served as a model for subsequent camps.

Memorialization and Remembrance

A visit to the Dachau Memorial Site today lets us reflect on the horrors of the camp, ensuring that we do not forget the inhumane practices that took place within its walls. The memorial serves as a symbol of remembrance, education, and commemoration.


Treblinka, located in German-occupied Poland, was primarily an extermination camp. It was responsible for the murder of around 900,000 Jewish people. The Nazis destroyed most of the camp’s structures in an attempt to conceal evidence of their crimes.

Never Forget

Remembering the victims of Treblinka and other extermination camps is vital in our collective effort to prevent such atrocities from happening again. By acknowledging the past, we honor the memory of those who suffered and strive to create a more inclusive and tolerant world.


Sachsenhausen, located in Oranienburg, Germany, served as a model for other concentration camps. It was primarily a camp for political prisoners and later expanded to hold Jews, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and others. Many were subjected to brutal medical experiments and forced labor.

Importance of Education

Education and awareness about the crimes committed in camps like Sachsenhausen is crucial, as it helps us understand the consequences of hate, discrimination, and intolerance. By learning from the past, we can create a more compassionate future.


Bergen-Belsen, initially a prisoner-of-war camp, became one of the largest concentration camps in Germany. After the war, it gained notoriety due to the high number of deaths caused by disease and malnutrition. The liberation of Bergen-Belsen by British forces in 1945 drew the world’s attention to the horrors of the Nazi camps.

Remembering the Liberators

Remembering the brave soldiers who liberated Bergen-Belsen and other camps honors the heroic efforts made to end the suffering and bring justice to the victims. Their actions remind us of the importance of standing up against oppression and defending human rights.


The concentration camps outside of Berlin were harrowing instruments of persecution and genocide during the Holocaust. Places like Auschwitz-Birkenau, Dachau, Treblinka, Sachsenhausen, and Bergen-Belsen stand as haunting reminders of the immense human suffering inflicted by the Nazis. It is vital for us to never forget these atrocities, honor the memory of the victims, educate ourselves and future generations about the past, and work towards creating a more inclusive and compassionate world.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


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What were the concentration camps outside of Berlin?

Mar 7, 2024