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What was the Sassenhausen Concentration Camp?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.

The Sassenhausen Concentration Camp, also known as SS-Sonderlager S in German, was a Nazi concentration camp located in the Netherlands during World War II. This camp was established in 1943, primarily as a transit camp for Jewish prisoners who were transported to other concentration camps.

Background and Purpose

The SS-Sonderlager S was set up with the aim of exploiting Jewish labor. The prisoners were subjected to forced labor, working in nearby German factories. The camp was strategically located near valuable industrial areas, making it easier for the Nazis to exploit the forced labor of the prisoners.

Living Conditions

The living conditions in Sassenhausen were deplorable. The prisoners were overcrowded into makeshift barracks, lacking proper sanitation and ventilation. They endured extreme cold during the winters and suffocating heat during the summers. Malnutrition was prevalent, as the prisoners were given meager rations to sustain themselves.

Medical Experiments

In addition to forced labor and harsh living conditions, the prisoners in Sassenhausen were subjected to medical experiments. These experiments included testing the effects of various diseases and medications on human subjects, often resulting in severe injuries or death. These unethical experiments were conducted by the Nazis as part of their pursuit of racial “purity.”

Resistance and Liberation

Despite the harsh conditions, prisoners in Sassenhausen showed remarkable resilience and courage. Some prisoners secretly organized resistance movements and sabotage within the camp. Others risked their lives to document the atrocities, providing evidence for future generations and helping to ensure justice.

The camp was liberated by the Allied forces in April 1945. The arrival of the liberators brought an end to the suffering of the prisoners, although many had already lost their lives due to the inhumane conditions they endured in the camp.

The Importance of Remembering

Reflecting upon the Sassenhausen Concentration Camp is crucial to understanding the historic atrocities committed during the Holocaust. By remembering and educating ourselves about these dark moments in history, we can strive to prevent such horrors from ever happening again. It’s our responsibility to honor the memory of those who suffered and lost their lives in places like Sassenhausen.


The Sassenhausen Concentration Camp stands as a somber reminder of the brutalities inflicted upon countless individuals during World War II. It serves as a symbol of the resilience of the human spirit and the importance of never forgetting the lessons learned from history’s darkest hours. By remembering the past, we can build a better future, free from hatred and inhumanity.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


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What was the Sassenhausen Concentration Camp?

Mar 7, 2024