Select Page

What was the purpose of the Nazi camp near Berlin?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.

During World War II, the Nazi regime established several concentration camps throughout Europe. One such camp, located near Berlin, was an integral part of the Nazi’s systematic persecution and genocide of millions of people. In this blog post, we will delve into the purpose and operations of the Nazi camp near Berlin.

The Origins of the Camp

The camp near Berlin, officially known as Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, was built in 1936, just outside the town of Oranienburg. Initially, it served as a model camp meant to showcase the supposed “rehabilitation” of political opponents and marginalized groups according to Nazi ideology.

In reality, the camp was intended to house and punish those who were considered enemies of the Nazi state, including political dissidents, religious minorities, homosexuals, and other perceived threats to the regime. Over time, its purpose shifted to one of forced labor, medical experimentation, and ultimately, extermination.

The Conditions in the Camp

Life in the Nazi camp near Berlin was marked by extreme brutality, dehumanization, and constant fear. Prisoners were subjected to harsh punishments, including beatings, torture, and execution. The living conditions were abysmal, with overcrowded and unsanitary barracks, limited food rations, and inadequate medical care. Disease and malnutrition were rampant, leading to the deaths of thousands of prisoners.

As the camp expanded, new sections were added, including a “special detainment camp” designed for high-profile prisoners, primarily political leaders and intellectuals. These prisoners were subjected to even more severe conditions, isolation, and constant surveillance by the SS guards.

Forced Labor and Extermination

One of the main purposes of the camp near Berlin was to exploit the prisoners as a source of slave labor. Many were forced to work in nearby factories, construction sites, and SS-administered industries. The grueling labor, combined with malnutrition and abuse, often resulted in the death of the laborers.

As the war progressed, the camp also became a site for medical experiments carried out by Nazi doctors. Prisoners were subjected to horrific medical procedures, including sterilization experiments, testing of new drugs, and surgeries without anesthesia.

Furthermore, the camp’s proximity to Berlin made it a convenient location for the execution and extermination of prisoners. Many were executed by firing squads or hangings, while others were transported to extermination camps in Auschwitz and elsewhere. The estimated death toll at the Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp exceeds 30,000, with countless others enduring unspeakable suffering.


The Nazi camp near Berlin, better known as Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, represented the depths of human cruelty and the horrors of the Holocaust. Its establishment and operations were part of the Nazi regime’s systematic persecution, forced labor, and extermination of millions of innocent people during World War II.

Remembering the atrocities committed in camps like Sachsenhausen is essential in order to prevent the repetition of such genocidal acts. It serves as a stark reminder of the importance of human rights, justice, and the pursuit of a society free from discrimination and oppression.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

What was the purpose of the Nazi camp near Berlin?

Mar 7, 2024