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What was Sachsenhausen concentration camp and its significance?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.

The Sachsenhausen concentration camp was one of the first Nazi concentration camps established in 1936. Located just outside the town of Oranienburg, Germany, this camp witnessed the unimaginable atrocities committed during the Holocaust. In this blog post, we will explore the history, purpose, and aftermath of Sachsenhausen, shedding light on this dark chapter of human history.

The Origins and Purpose of Sachsenhausen

Sachsenhausen was built by the Nazis with the intention of serving as a model concentration camp and a training ground for SS officers. Initially, it held primarily political prisoners, including communists, social democrats, and other individuals deemed as threats to the Nazi regime. As the war progressed, it became a place of wholesale genocide and extermination. Approximately 200,000 people from different backgrounds, nationalities, and political affiliations were held captive at Sachsenhausen.

The Living Conditions

Life within Sachsenhausen was marked by extreme cruelty, dehumanization, and constant fear. Prisoners suffered from malnourishment, overcrowded quarters, and unsanitary conditions that led to the rapid spread of diseases. Forced labor was a cornerstone of the camp’s operations, with prisoners being subjected to grueling physical tasks in and around Sachsenhausen.

Persecution and Death

Victims at Sachsenhausen faced unimaginable persecution. Many were subjected to medical experiments, while others were used as forced labor in factories within the camp. Additionally, thousands were held captive within a special barrack called Station Z, where they were tortured, executed, and subjected to inhumane medical procedures. The infamous slogan “Arbeit Macht Frei” (Work Sets You Free) adorned the entrance arch, offering a cruel irony to the prisoners who entered Sachsenhausen.

The Liberation and Aftermath

Sachsenhausen was liberated by Soviet forces on April 22, 1945. However, this did not mark an end to the horrors suffered within its walls, as many prisoners died from illness and malnourishment even after their liberation. In the post-war period, the camp was used by the Soviets to house Nazi war criminals and continued to operate as a prison until 1950. It then saw various uses, including housing East German political prisoners, until its eventual reopening as a memorial site in 1961.

Visiting Sachsenhausen Today

Today, Sachsenhausen stands as a memorial and museum, serving as a somber reminder of the atrocities committed during the Holocaust. Visitors can explore the preserved camp grounds, view exhibitions documenting the camp’s history, and pay their respects at the memorials to the victims. Guided tours are available to provide insight into the experiences of the prisoners and the dark history of the Nazi regime.

Remembering the Past, Shaping the Future

Visiting Sachsenhausen offers a poignant opportunity to learn about and understand the immense suffering endured by millions during the Holocaust. It serves as a stark reminder of the consequences of hatred, prejudice, and the abuse of power. By remembering the past, we can strive to shape a more compassionate and inclusive future.


Sachsenhausen concentration camp stands as a grim testament to the horrors of the Holocaust. It is a place of remembrance and reflection, offering visitors an opportunity to learn about the past and ensure that such atrocities are never repeated. Through education and remembrance, we honor the memory of those who suffered at Sachsenhausen and work towards a future built on tolerance, understanding, and respect for all.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


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What was Sachsenhausen concentration camp and its significance?

Mar 7, 2024