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What Was Konzentrationslager Sachsenhausen and Its Dark History?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.

During World War II, various concentration camps were established by the Nazis to imprison and exterminate millions of people. One of the most infamous camps was Konzentrationslager Sachsenhausen, which was located just north of Berlin in Oranienburg, Germany. In this blog post, we will delve into the history and atrocities committed at Sachsenhausen and shed light on this dark chapter of human history.

The Origins of Sachsenhausen

Konzentrationslager Sachsenhausen was established in 1936 as an early model for other concentration camps. It served multiple purposes, including imprisoning political opponents, persecuting Jews, and conducting forced labor. The camp was initially intended to hold 6,000 prisoners, but its capacity expanded over time.

The conditions in Sachsenhausen were brutal, with prisoners enduring severe physical and psychological abuse. The camp was surrounded by an electrified fence, watchtowers, and a moat, making escape nearly impossible. Guards were known for their brutality, inflicting inhumane punishments on the prisoners.

The Prisoners of Sachsenhausen

Sachsenhausen held various categories of prisoners, including political dissidents, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Roma and Sinti people, and Jews. Inmates from all across Europe were transported to Sachsenhausen, making it a multinational camp. The prisoners were subjected to hard labor, starvation, and medical experiments.

The brutal conditions at Sachsenhausen led to a significant death toll, with estimates ranging from 30,000 to 100,000 deaths. Disease, malnutrition, and violence contributed to the high mortality rate. Additionally, the camp was a place where Heinrich Himmler, the head of the SS, experimented with various methods of mass murder that would later be used in extermination camps.

Notable Incidents and Liberation

During its operation, Sachsenhausen witnessed several horrific incidents. In 1941, a large gas chamber was constructed, and thousands of Soviet prisoners of war were murdered using carbon monoxide gas. Sachsenhausen also had a secret execution site where tens of thousands of prisoners were executed by gunshot or hanging.

The liberation of Sachsenhausen occurred on April 22, 1945, by the Soviet Red Army. The camp’s surviving prisoners were freed, marking the end of its operation as a place of terror. However, for many survivors, the liberation did not bring an immediate end to their suffering, as they had to deal with physical and emotional scars for the rest of their lives.

Remembering Sachsenhausen Today

Today, Sachsenhausen serves as a memorial and museum, honoring the victims and educating visitors about the atrocities that took place there. The preserved buildings and original structures are a sobering reminder of the horrors of the past.

Visiting Sachsenhausen allows us to pay our respects and ensure that such atrocities are never repeated. It provides an opportunity to reflect on the importance of human rights, tolerance, and the consequences of hatred.


Konzentrationslager Sachsenhausen represents one of the darkest chapters in human history, reminding us of the horrors that occurred during World War II. Understanding the history and remembering the victims is crucial in order to prevent similar atrocities from happening again.

While the topic of Sachsenhausen is undoubtedly distressing, it is essential to confront and learn from the past. By acknowledging the atrocities that took place, we can work towards a future built on compassion, peace, and respect for all humanity.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


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What Was Konzentrationslager Sachsenhausen and Its Dark History?

Mar 7, 2024