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What was Kamp Sachsenhausen and its significance in Nazi history?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.

Welcome to our blog post on Kamp Sachsenhausen! If you are curious about the history of Nazi Germany or interested in visiting historical sites, this article is for you. In this post, we will explore what Kamp Sachsenhausen was, its historical significance, and what you can expect when visiting this chilling memorial.

1. Introduction to Kamp Sachsenhausen

Kamp Sachsenhausen, also known as Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, was established in 1936 by the Nazi regime near the town of Oranienburg, Germany. Initially built to hold political prisoners, it later became a model for other concentration camps and played a significant role during World War II.

1.1 Purpose and Structure

The primary purpose of Kamp Sachsenhausen was to incarcerate political opponents, such as communists, social democrats, and other individuals deemed enemies of the Nazi system. Over time, its function extended to include homosexual individuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jewish people, and other groups targeted by the regime.

The camp’s architecture served as a model for future Nazi camps, characterized by symmetrical layouts and various zones containing barracks, administrative buildings, punishment cells, and execution sites. Sachsenhausen also consisted of several satellite camps, which were used for forced labor.

2. Life in Kamp Sachsenhausen

Conditions in Kamp Sachsenhausen were brutal and inhumane. Prisoners endured forced labor, torture, malnutrition, and medical experiments. Many were subjected to arbitrary violence, and thousands lost their lives due to execution, disease, or exhaustion. The camp’s infamous slogan, “Arbeit Macht Frei” (Work Sets You Free), represented the propaganda efforts of the Nazi regime.

2.1 Subcamps and Forced Labor

Sachsenhausen became a centralized camp, overseeing nearly 50 subcamps where prisoners were employed as slave laborers. The prisoners were subjected to extreme working conditions in factories, construction sites, and even underground quarries.

2.2 Medical Experiments

Medical experiments were conducted on prisoners in Sachsenhausen, particularly in the camp’s pathology and bacteriology departments. These experiments included testing vaccines, sterilization methods, and diseases, with many prisoners suffering severe consequences or facing death.

3. Liberation and Memorialization

Kamp Sachsenhausen was liberated by Soviet forces in April 1945. After the end of World War II, the site was used by the Soviets as a Special Camp until 1950, detaining political opponents of the Soviet regime.

Following German reunification, Kamp Sachsenhausen was transformed into a memorial and museum. Today, it serves as a place of remembrance, education, and reflection on the atrocities committed during Nazi rule.

3.1 Visiting Kamp Sachsenhausen

If you plan to visit Kamp Sachsenhausen, here are a few tips to help you make the most out of your visit:

  • Give yourself ample time to explore the memorial, as there is much to see and learn.
  • Consider taking a guided tour to gain deeper insights from knowledgeable staff.
  • Dress appropriately and be prepared for an emotionally challenging experience.
  • Respect the memorial’s rules and guidelines, such as refraining from photography in certain areas.
  • Take a moment for reflection and pay your respects at the memorials and burial sites.

3.2 Learning and Remembering

Visiting Kamp Sachsenhausen provides a unique opportunity to learn about the dark chapter of Nazi history and pay tribute to the victims. Through understanding and remembrance, we can ensure that the atrocities committed during this period are never forgotten and strive towards a more tolerant and inclusive future.


Kamp Sachsenhausen stands as a haunting reminder of the horrors perpetrated during the Nazi era. Exploring its history, understanding the experiences of the prisoners, and paying homage to the victims all contribute to the preservation of our collective memory. We encourage you to visit Kamp Sachsenhausen, as it offers a solemn opportunity to reflect on the past and reaffirm our commitment to a more just and compassionate world.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


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What was Kamp Sachsenhausen and its significance in Nazi history?

Mar 7, 2024