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What was Campo de Exterminio Sachsenhausen?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


Campo de Exterminio Sachsenhausen, also known as Sachsenhausen concentration camp, was one of the most notorious Nazi concentration camps during World War II. Located in Oranienburg, Germany, it was established in 1936 as part of the Nazi regime’s oppressive system to imprison and exterminate individuals deemed enemies of the state.

History and Purpose

Sachsenhausen concentration camp was initially built to accommodate political prisoners. However, its function evolved over time to include Jews, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Sinti and Roma people, as well as other targeted groups.

The camp served multiple purposes. It was an instrument of terror, designed to instill fear in the population and quash any opposition to the Nazi regime. It also served as a place for forced labor, with prisoners being subjected to grueling conditions and often working in nearby factories or construction sites.

Tragically, Sachsenhausen also functioned as an extermination camp, where thousands of individuals were systematically murdered through various methods such as gas chambers, executions, and medical experiments. It was a site of immense suffering and loss of life.

Living Conditions

Life in Sachsenhausen was unbearable for its inmates. The camp was designed to dehumanize and degrade prisoners, with overcrowded and unsanitary living quarters. Detainees faced constant violence, malnutrition, and disease. Any form of resistance or disobedience was met with severe punishment, including torture and death.

Psychological torment was also prevalent, with prisoners subjected to humiliation, degradation, and constant surveillance. The objective was to strip them of their dignity and break their spirits.

Memorial and Remembrance

Today, Sachsenhausen serves as an important memorial and museum, dedicated to remembering the victims and ensuring the atrocities committed during the Holocaust are never forgotten. Visitors can explore the preserved buildings, learn about the camp’s history through exhibitions, and pay their respects at numerous memorials scattered throughout the area.

It is crucial to understand the past and educate future generations about the horrors that occurred in such camps to prevent similar atrocities from happening again. Remembering the victims and honoring their memory is an essential part of preserving the values of humanity.


Campo de Exterminio Sachsenhausen stands as a chilling reminder of the atrocities committed by the Nazi regime during World War II. It was a place where countless lives were lost, and unspeakable suffering occurred. Visiting memorial sites like Sachsenhausen helps us confront the darkest aspects of history and reaffirm our commitment to building a more compassionate and just world.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


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What was Campo de Exterminio Sachsenhausen?

Mar 7, 2024