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What was Camp Sachsenhausen and its Historical Significance?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.

Located in Oranienburg, Germany, Camp Sachsenhausen was one of the most notorious concentration camps during World War II. This blog post aims to provide you with a comprehensive guide to Camp Sachsenhausen, including its historical significance, construction, life in the camp, and liberation.

1. Construction and Purpose

Camp Sachsenhausen was established by the Nazis in 1936, initially as a model camp to set the standard for other concentration camps. Situated just outside of Berlin, its strategic location allowed easy access for transportation of prisoners from the city.

The camp was designed to hold political prisoners, particularly those deemed dangerous to the Nazi regime. It was also used as a training ground for the SS, the paramilitary organization responsible for running the camp.

2. Life in Camp Sachsenhausen

2.1 Prisoner Classifications

Upon arrival, prisoners were divided into different categories based on their supposed threat to the Nazis. These categories included political prisoners, Jews, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and other marginalized groups.

2.2 Living Conditions

Living conditions in Camp Sachsenhausen were harsh and inhumane. Prisoners were subjected to overcrowded barracks, limited food rations, and unsanitary facilities. They often faced physical and psychological abuse from the SS guards.

2.3 Forced Labor

Prisoners were forced to work under grueling conditions. Many were employed in the camp’s factories, producing military supplies and construction materials. Others were subjected to hard labor in nearby brickworks or SS-owned companies.

3. The Holocaust and Camp Sachsenhausen

As the Nazi regime escalated its genocidal campaign, Camp Sachsenhausen played a significant role in the Holocaust. In 1942, a gas chamber was built at the camp, leading to the murder of thousands of prisoners, primarily Jews.

4. Liberation and Legacy

Camp Sachsenhausen was liberated by Soviet troops on April 22, 1945. By that time, an estimated 200,000 people had suffered and died within its walls.

Today, the Sachsenhausen Memorial and Museum stands as a reminder of the atrocities that occurred within the camp’s confines. It serves as a memorial to the victims and provides educational resources for visitors to learn about the Holocaust and the Nazi regime.

Visiting the memorial can be a deeply moving experience, where one can witness the remnants of the camp, including the roll-call area, barracks, and the remains of the gas chamber.


Camp Sachsenhausen stands as a testament to the brutalities of the Nazi regime during World War II. Understanding its history and significance is crucial in honoring the victims and preventing such atrocities from happening again.

If you have the opportunity, visiting the Sachsenhausen Memorial and Museum can offer a profound perspective on the Holocaust and the immense suffering endured by those imprisoned there.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


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What was Camp Sachsenhausen and its Historical Significance?

Mar 7, 2024