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What are some concentration camps located outside Berlin?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | Concentration Camp

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.

Concentration camps were a dark chapter in human history, particularly during World War II. The atrocities committed during this time have left an indelible mark on society. Germany, with its capital Berlin, was a significant location for several concentration camps. In this article, we will explore some of the concentration camps located outside Berlin.

Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp

Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, located in Oranienburg, a town north of Berlin, was one of the first camps established by the Nazis in 1936. Initially built to hold political prisoners, it later expanded to include other targeted groups.

The camp served as a model for other concentration camps and played a central role in training SS guards due to its proximity to Berlin. Today, Sachsenhausen serves as a memorial and museum, aimed at educating visitors about the crimes committed there and promoting remembrance.

Buchenwald Concentration Camp

Situated on Ettersberg Hill near Weimar in central Germany, Buchenwald Concentration Camp was one of the largest Nazi concentration camps operating between 1937 and 1945.

Buchenwald held various prisoners, including political dissidents, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Roma, homosexuals, and Jews. The camp’s location allowed for easy transportation of prisoners from various regions. Today, the site serves as a reminder of the horrors of the past.

Dachau Concentration Camp

Dachau Concentration Camp is perhaps one of the most well-known concentration camps outside Berlin. Located near Munich, it was the first such camp established by the Nazis in Germany. Dachau initially served as a model for other camps, influencing their design and operations.

Initially designed to hold political prisoners in 1933, Dachau evolved into a vast network of subcamps and became a prototype for the systematic dehumanization and persecution seen in other concentration camps.

Mauthausen Concentration Camp

Mauthausen Concentration Camp, situated near the town of Mauthausen in Upper Austria, operated from 1938 until its liberation in 1945. It was one of the most brutal and deadliest camps.

Initially intended to hold political prisoners, Mauthausen expanded to include various groups such as Jews, homosexuals, and prisoners of war. The camp’s design took advantage of the natural landscape, with prisoners forced into back-breaking labor in nearby quarries.


Concentration camps were ruthless instruments of oppression during one of humanity’s darkest periods. Exploring the camps outside Berlin, such as Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, Dachau, and Mauthausen, gives us a profound understanding of the atrocities committed and the importance of remembrance.

Visiting these sites and learning about the history firsthand is a somber yet essential experience to comprehend the magnitude of the Holocaust and ensure such horrors are never repeated.

Want to explore sachsenhausen concentration camp? Come and join us on the Original Berlin Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Memorial Tour.


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What are some concentration camps located outside Berlin?

Mar 7, 2024